Type 2 Diabetes

Also indexed as:Blood Sugar (Diabetes), Diabetes, Type 2, High Blood Sugar
Also known as adult-onset diabetes, type 2 diabetes can often be managed by carefully monitoring your diet. According to research or other evidence, the following self-care steps may be helpful. 
SupplementAmountWhy
Alpha Lipoic Acid
600 to 1,200 mg a day3 stars[3 stars]
Taking alpha lipoic acid may improve insulin sensitivity and help protect against diabetic complications such as nerve damage.
Brewer’s Yeast
9 grams per day3 stars[3 stars]
Chromium-rich brewer’s yeast has been shown to be useful in treating type 2 diabetes in several ways, including by improving glucose tolerance.
Cayenne Topical

(Diabetic Neuropathy)
Apply an ointment containing 0.025 to 0.075% capsaicin four times a day to areas of nerve pain3 stars[3 stars]
Topically applied capsaicin (from cayenne) may help relieve nerve pain.
Chromium
200 to 1,000 mcg daily3 stars[3 stars]
Chromium has been shown to be useful in treating type 2 diabetes in several ways, including by improving glucose tolerance.
Fenugreek
2.5 to 15 grams daily3 stars[3 stars]
Fenugreek seeds are high in soluble fiber, which helps lower blood sugar by slowing down carbohydrate digestion and absorption.
Fiber
Talk to your doctor3 stars[3 stars]
Taking fiber supplements may help to stabilize your blood sugar.
Glucomannan
500 to 700 mg per 100 calories in the diet3 stars[3 stars]
Glucomannan delays stomach emptying, leading to more gradual sugar absorption and lower blood sugar levels after meals.
Magnesium
200 to 600 mg daily3 stars[3 stars]
People with type 2 diabetes tend to have low magnesium levels, supplementing with the mineral may restore levels and improve insulin production.
Psyllium
5.1 grams daily with meals3 stars[3 stars]
Supplementing with psyllium has been shown to be a safe and well-tolerated way to improve control of blood glucose and cholesterol.
  • Reliable and relatively consistent scientific data showing a substantial health benefit.
  • Contradictory, insufficient, or preliminary studies suggesting a health benefit or minimal health benefit.
  • For an herb, supported by traditional use but minimal or no scientific evidence. For a supplement, little scientific support.

Our proprietary “Star-Rating” system was developed to help you easily understand the amount of scientific support behind each supplement in relation to a specific health condition. While there is no way to predict whether a vitamin, mineral, or herb will successfully treat or prevent associated health conditions, our unique ratings tell you how well these supplements are understood by some in the medical community, and whether studies have found them to be effective for other people.

For over a decade, our team has combed through thousands of research articles published in reputable journals. To help you make educated decisions, and to better understand controversial or confusing supplements, our medical experts have digested the science into these three easy-to-follow ratings. We hope this provides you with a helpful resource to make informed decisions towards your health and well-being.

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The information presented by Healthnotes is for informational purposes only. It is based on scientific studies (human, animal, or in vitro), clinical experience, or traditional usage as cited in each article. The results reported may not necessarily occur in all individuals. Self-treatment is not recommended for life-threatening conditions that require medical treatment under a doctor's care. For many of the conditions discussed, treatment with prescription or over the counter medication is also available. Consult your doctor, practitioner, and/or pharmacist for any health problem and before using any supplements or before making any changes in prescribed medications. Information expires December 2017.